Today, mechanical watches remain one of the most outstanding achievements of human engineering and craftsmanship. Not only do they provide an accurate measurement of time, but they also symbolize the rich history of watchmaking, the perfection of the movements and the indescribable elegance. In this article, we'll take a look at how mechanical watches work and why they're still in demand.
History of Mechanical Watches
The history of mechanical watches goes back a long way. The first mechanical clocks were created in the Middle Ages and were bulky devices that worked on the principle of water clocks or pendulums. They served an important role in navigation and time measurement, but their accuracy was far from modern standards.
Over time, master watchmakers developed more advanced movements, which made it possible to improve the accuracy and reliability of watches. An important stage in the development of mechanical watches was the invention of the balance wheel and the coil spring, which made it possible to create movements with high precision.
How Mechanical Watches Work
Mechanical watches work on the basis of a series of complex mechanisms that interact with each other to provide an accurate measurement of time. The main components of a mechanical watch include:
- Balance Wheel: This is a small wheel that constantly oscillates back and forth. It keeps the movement of the watch in constant motion.
- Coil Spring: This spring is connected to the balance wheel and is responsible for its oscillations. The coil spring gives the mechanical watch its characteristic "tick-tock" sound.
- Gears and gears: Watch movements include a variety of gears and gears that control the rotation speed of hands and mechanisms to measure time in hours, minutes, and seconds.
- Dial and hands: The watch has a dial with hour, minute, and seconds hands that indicate the current time.
- Winding mechanism: In order to keep the movement running, the watch must be wound regularly. The movement winds the coil spring, storing energy to run the watch for a certain amount of time.
Precision of a mechanical watch
One of the most important characteristics of mechanical watches is their accuracy. The accuracy of a watch depends on many factors, including the quality and performance of the movement, the presence of a regulator to control the speed of the balance wheel, and the quality of the materials used in the manufacture.
Chronometers, which are specially tuned and calibrated mechanical watches, have the best accuracy. They can have a tolerance of a few seconds per year, making them suitable for scientific and navigational purposes.
Mechanical Watchmaking Craftsmanship
Making a mechanical watch requires a high degree of skill and skill. Many watch brands have their own workshops, where experienced master watchmakers create watches by hand. Every part of the movement is meticulously processed and assembled by hand.
Many master watchmakers also use intricate embellishments and decorative elements to give the watch an exclusive look. This can include engraving, enamelling, gemstone inlay, and other artificial techniques.
Mechanical watches are not only precise instruments for measuring time, but also true works of art and craftsmanship. Their work based on complex mechanisms and meticulous manual assembly make them special. Today, mechanical watches continue to be a symbol of luxury and status, appreciated by collectors and connoisseurs of watchmaking art around the world.